As technical operators in the internet’s infrastructure, what do ccTLD registries actually do? What are their limitations? How can they help in the battle against illegal online content?
If you want to know the answers to these questions, we suggest you watch the informative video designed by the organization CENTR (Council of European National Top-Level Domain Registries).
You can watch the video with the Croatian translation here.
For more information on video creation and the Digital Services Act, you can find it here.
From 22 to 25 March 2021, a virtual public meeting of ICANN70 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) was held. It was ICANN's fourth virtual public meeting since the start of the pandemic.
CARNET participated in ccNSO (Country Code Names Supporting Organization) meetings where members focused on sessions on the future of ccTLDs (Country Code Top-Level Domains) and question and answer sessions where ICANN board members were associated.
The CcNSO has evolved since its inception in 2003 - its membership has grown from just over 40 members to 172 members. The aim of this session is to review (and update if necessary) the management structure of the ccNSO. The focus of the discussions is on decision-making processes, roles and interaction between the ccNSO Council and ccNSO members. The results of the session provided the basis for further work on these topics by the ccNSO Council and the ccNSO Guidance Evaluation Committee (GRC).
GAC (Governmental Advisory Committee) meetings were also held. Seventy-two (72) GAC members and five (5) observers attended the meeting. All GAC plenary meetings and working group sessions were held as open meetings.
ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. It was founded in 1998 as a non-profit corporation in the public interest with a community of participants from around the world. The ICANN community develops and regulates policies that ensure the security, stability, and resilience of the global Internet. The organization facilitates this work and supports a multistakeholder model where policies and advice are adopted guided by consensus of community development work.
Read more about ICANN here.
Conference under the slogan "Servant. The master. Internet." was held on March 17, 2021 and organized by the Foundation "Registry of the National Internet Domain of Serbia" (RNIDS).
This year's DIDS (Serbian Internet Domain Day) was held online for the first time since its inception in 2010. The DIDS program was extremely rich, with 19 speakers and 3 panel discussions. The topics of the conference, among other things, referred to last year and how the coronavirus pandemic affected business and the general importance of the Internet in our lives.
On the second day of the conference, a Regional TLD Forum was held, bringing together representatives of national registries from the region. This year, it was held in the form of a round table where representatives of Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Serbia exchanged information and experiences relevant to internet domain registries.
You can read more about the event at the following link: https://dids.rs/
.hr Domain Management Committee is reminding .hr domain holders about the importance of accurate information entered for the domain. Special emphasis is placed on the e-mail address of domain holder through which is possible to manage the domain, and also make irreversible actions.
Domain holder is completely responsible for the accuracy of that e-mail address and all the activities made by this e-mail address is considered valid. .hr Domain Management Committee issued a decision indicating registrars to forward the that information to all .hr domain holders.
The decision is available via following link: https://domene.hr/portal/files/Odluka_Ispravni_Podatci_hr.pdf?20200709-1f" target=
On August 25, Netnod and CARNET announced a new partnership within which CARNET will use the secondary DNS service DNSNODE to provide fast and resilient DNS for domains under its management. CARNET is looking forward to using Netnod's DNS DNSNODE service to provide an even more secure and stable DNS infrastructure for our .hr domain. We believe that the cooperation with Netnod will be of mutual quality in the long run.
As one of the most trusted DNS providers, Netnod supports some of the largest TLDs,” said LM Jogbäck, Netnod CEO. “Our DNS service ensures 100% uptime and provides industry-leading security and stability. We are delighted to announce our partnership with CARNET and look forward to working together to ensure rock-solid DNS for all their domains."
As the operator of I-root, one of the world’s 13 root name servers, Netnod’s DNS experts have been ensuring the stability and security of the DNS for almost 20 years. In addition, Netnod’s DNSNODE service for TLDs provides: one of the largest anycast networks available: 70+ locations around the world, trategic support and intelligent connections that optimise routing, reduce latency and improve end user experience, full IPv4 and IPv6 support, industry-leading security and stability with an anycast network designed for maximum resilience against DDoS attack. More information about Netnod’s DNS service is available here.
From 24 to 25 September 2019, the 60th Legal and Regulatory Meeting was held in Split, organized by CARNET and the International Association of National Registers called CENTR (Council of the European National Top Level Domain Registries).
At the meeting, representatives of registries from different countries presented the latest projects and current events in the field of governance and the legal framework of the domain space. Topics in the field of European regulation on cyber security, in the context of key service providers and digital service providers, and the legal aspects of information society services in the internal market, in particular e-commerce, were also covered..
CARNET is a long-term member of the CENTR organization, in whose activities and projects it regularly actively participates.
Today, CARNET marked 25 years since Croatia got its national domain and thus became recognized in the global internet space.
The sentence "Please go ahead with the new top level domain HR for Croatia", addressed to today's Deputy of Srce Ivan Marić in 1993, marked the beginning of the formal recognition of the .hr domain, and the first registered domain was srce.hr.
Since then, the number of domains has been constantly growing and currently more than 100,800 are registered. It is important to note that the Republic of Croatia is the only European country that offers the possibility of registering a free national domain for its citizens and legal entities, more than 70 percent of them. Paid .hr domains can be registered through authorized registrars.
Compared to many other top-level domains, the .hr domain is largely credible because a strong management policy affects the accuracy of user data, which is an important factor in online business. "The national domain is an important national resource and requires constant attention in technical and administrative terms," said by prof. dr. sc. Gordan Gledec, President of the .hr Domain Management Committee. "In the domain world, including the .hr domain, it is extremely important that users take care of the data on the domain and therefore I urge everyone to take care of the up-to-date contact information on their domain, regardless of whether it has free or paid status," said by Vanja Radojević, head of the Registry of .hr domains, adding that the goal is to introduce full automation of registration, for which the precondition is to connect with all competent registries.
Until 2012, administrative and technical activities around .hr domains were performed on behalf of CARNET by the University Computing Center Zagreb, and from 1 January 2012, CARNET took over all elements of management and administration. Online registration and updating of free domains has been introduced, which has significantly accelerated and simplified the processes related to free domains.
See the retrospective of 25 years of the .hr domain here.
Representatives of the .hr domain Registry participated in the eight annual conference about the Development of the Internet DIDS and RIF 2017, organized by "The Serbian National Internet Domain Registry Foundation" (RNIDS). Serbia's internet domain day was held on March 7th under the slogan "The Secrets of Internet Search: Search, Find, Visit".
The first day of program was devoted to Google and how to use Google's tools to create an internet strategy, how to advertise on Google, and how to create content which is user friendly for both web browsers and web site's visitors, and how to analyze the achieved results. This segment of the program was moderated by Gary Illyes, webmaster trends analyst at Google Inc.
On the second day, March 8th, the Regional Internet Forum (RIF 2017) took place, which gathered regional registers of national internet domains and organizations which are dealing with domain issues (state organs, regulatory bodies for telecommunications, CERTs and other organizations related to internet security, registrars , interested internet community representatives) and talked about topics which are of great significance to internet domain's registers.
The .hr Domain Management Committee announces a public call for the selection of arbitrators to resolve disputes between domain users and third parties on the right to use a particular domain within the top-level domain. All persons who have adequate technical and legal knowledge are invited, and would like to undertake, if necessary and the invitation of the Commission to perform the function of arbitrator in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance on the organization and management of the top national Internet domain (https://domene.hr/portal/files/HRTLDpravilnik2010hr.pdf).
Applicants must have a university degree, ie completed undergraduate and graduate university studies or integrated undergraduate and graduate university studies in social or technical fields.
To ensure the successful and efficient implementation of arbitration proceedings, candidates should have specific experience in the field of intellectual property and information and communication technology (ICT) rights.
To prove the required criteria, the candidate submits his CV with references to the address firstname.lastname@example.org by October 1, 2018.
On 12 and 13 October, 2017, CARNet hosted the 24th CENTR (Council of European National Register of Domain Records) marketing workshop attended by representatives of national registers from Europe and the world.
The workshop share the experiences on various marketing activities that each country uses to promote its national domain and experience on various tools used to measure and analyze the marketing activities.
The second day started with an external presentation by Saša Stanković, eCommerce Manager at FOREO, who explained how to measure paid/owned/earned marketing activities.
This is the first time that CARNet hosted the CENTR Marketing Workshop.
The 16th meeting of ICANN Studienkreis was held on 6 and 7 October 2016 in Dubrovnik, where CARNet was the national organizing partner..
ICANN Studienkreis brings together top experts from the ranks of state organizations, private sector, academic and technical community and civil society on the topic of global internet governance and global domain space.
The introductory speech was given by the CEO of CARNet, Zvonimir Stanic, in which he presented Croatia, CARNet and the .hr domain Registry.
Other topics of the meeting included the management of the Internet on a global level, the transition of IANA and the role of ICANN, news from the world of generic domains and Internet security within Internet governance. More information about ICANN Studienkreis can be found here.
In the first 24 hours of allowing the registration of short domains and IDN domains there were 216 domains registered. Users have shown most interest in IDN domains which resulted in the registration of total 181 domains.
There was 23 one character and 12 two character domains registered in the same period.
The release of new domain types in circulation is an additional step in the process of modernizing management for .hr domains
In continuation of improving the management of .hr domain, procedures and conditions have been issued for domain registration composed of one or two alphanumeric characters and domains with diacritics.
With further liberalization of domain management, for the first time since the existence of domain .hr, it will be possible to register a domain with one alphanumeric character, which together with domains with two alphanumeric characters can be registered as paid domains through accredited registrars. Registration will be possible from 4 July 2016, from noon.
Domains are registered as before, according to the principle of first come first serve without preference to any natural or legal person.
Domains with diacritics, č, ć, đ, š and ž will be possible to register as free or paid domains depending on how they meet the conditions set out in the Ordinance and user preferences.
Another novelty is the permission of domain holder change only for paid domains, which will be possible from September 1 this year, and for which the .hr Domain Management Committee warned all users about the importance of properly registered data under the .hr domain. Particular emphasis is placed on the e-mail address of the domain user through which the domain is managed and is possible to make a irreversible action. The domain holder is held responsible for the accuracy of the e-mail address and all the activities made by that address are considered valid.
Domain prices for end users will be defined by the Registrars, and prices of CARNet services to registrars are available at this address.
Decisions on these changes were brought by the CARNet Managing Council on the basis of the Ordinance on amendments to the Ordinance on the organization and management of the national top-level domain.
These decisions are available at this link.
From 4th July 2016, at noon .hr domain Registry will allow domain registration of one and two alphanumeric characters and IDN domains. To register these domains it is necessary to contact one of the accredited registrars whose list is on the following link:
IDN domains containing č,ć,đ,š and ž will be possible to register as free or paid .hr domains depending on meeting the conditions set out in the Ordinance and the desires of users. The application for registration of free domains can be submitted via following link: https://www.dns.hr/en/portal/register/info-free-hr .
Domains are registered as so far, according to the principle of first come first served without preference to any natural or legal person.
On March 15th and 16th 2016, representatives of CARNet and .hr domain registry participated in the seventh annual conference on the Internet DIDS 2016 (Serbian Internet Domain Day) and the second Regional Internet forum - RIF 2016 in Belgrade.
Serbian Internet Domain Day was held under the slogan "Living the Internet… Globally – Securely – Locally", and was organized by the Serbian National Internet Domain Registry (RNIDS) Foundation.
RIF 2016 brought together representatives of national Registries from Southeast Europe as well as representatives of state bodies, local Internet community, the global internet organizations and legal experts from the region. Topics of the RIF in 2016 were everyday examples and standpoints of regional experts on the multistakeholder model of Internet governance, the development of e-government in Serbia and the region, Internet neutrality, legal regulations of this area as well as Internet safety. Chair of the Program Board RIF 2016 was CARNet's employee Nataša Glavor.
On 26 October 2015 representatives of the Croatian Academic and Research Network CARNet organized an expert presentation on the introduction and use of DNNSEC. The presentation was attended by representatives of CARNet authorized Registrars and providers of hosting services.
DNSSEC is a short name for the DNS Security Extensions system affecting the security of the DNS system, using digital signatures and digital keys to verify the authenticity and integrity of DNS data.
In Cagliari, Italy, 36. administrative workshop was held which was organized by CENTR (Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries) where representatives of CARNet's .hr Registry participated.
.hr Registry presented new application which was put into operation in early June this year. News and changes of the old system include introduction of a standard EPP protocol instead of web services, connection to the OIB registry and introduction of DNSSEC. The presentation was met with interest and positive reactions of the European national top level domain registrars.
The second Croatian Internet Governance Forum was held on Wednesday 1 June 2016 in the Congress Hall of the Grand Hotel Adriatic in Opatija. This year's forum was organized as part of the MIPRO conference, the topics of the forum were: human rights on the Internet, network neutrality, public administration open data and settling arbitration disputes within the .hr domain.
Topics were opened by the following speakers and panelist: Leda Lepri (Ministry of Public Administration), Anamarija Musa (Commissioner for Informing), Ivana Milas Klarić (ombudsman for children), Nataša Glavor (CARNet), Andrea Beccalli (ICANN), Hrvoje Lisičar (Faculty of Law), Marko Jurić (Faculty of Law), Igor Barlek (VIPNet), Milan Živković (Ericsson Nikola Tesla), Amera Zulić Vrabec (IN2), Domen Savič (Department citizen D), Tihomir Katulić (Faculty of Law) i Kristijan Zimmer (HrOpen).
Organizers of Cro-IGFs 2016 were: MIPRO, Ministry of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure, Ministry of Public Administration, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, Croatian Academic and Research Network - CARNet, Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, Croatia employers' Association, Ericsson Nikola Tesla, Association HROpen, Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (HAKOM).
Croatian Academic and Research Network - CARNet is organizing an expert presentation/workshop on the introduction and use of DNSSEC. The workshop will be held on 26 October from 13h to 14h on the location Josipa Marohnica 5, Zagreb, Hall E2 . The workshop is intended for DNS hosting providers.
Interested parties can register and get more information by e-mail address email@example.com.
On 30 July 2015 the Ordinance on amendments to the Ordinance on the Organisation and Management of National Internet domain is applied. The document is available via following link:
The most significant amendments to the Ordinance include equal rights in the name of free .hr domain for crafts and legal entities, legal and natural persons may register an unlimited number of paid .hr domain and it is allowed to register numeric domains.
In addition, the CARNet Managing Council shall, adopt the decision on the procedure and conditions for the registration of domain names consisting of one or two alphanumeric characters, domain names with diacritical marks and domain user changes within one year from the entry into force of this Ordinance.
Representatives of .hr domain registry have participated in "Regional Internet forum" that was organized by Serbian national internet domain registry Foundation (RNIDS) in Belgrade March 11th 2015 .
Forum, in which was discussed about the regional domain issues, also also represented the official preparation for this year's EuroDIG - European Dialogue on Internet Governance, held in Sofia in June .
The day before the Regional Forum, sixth annual conference "Serbian Internet Domains Day" (DIDS 2015) was held which was organized by Serbian National Internet Domain Registry (RNIDS). On DIDS it was discussed on the development of the Internet in the world and the .RS i .СРБ domain space, under the slogan "Which Internet Film are you in?“, 300 visitors had a chance to hear experiences and thoughts of about 30 local and foreig presenters from a variety of fields.
More info about the conference can be found via http://www.dids.rs.
Croatian Academic and Research Network - CARNet signed on February 3, 2015 in Belgrade the Agreement on cooperation of national domain registrars with the Serbian National Internet Domain Registry Foundation (RNIDS), which manages .rs i .СРБ domains in Republic of Serbia.
Cooperation Agreement establishes the principles for future cooperation and includes exchange of experiences and best practices in all areas of national registers, especially with regard on improving the technical infrastructure, security and software and legal documents of importance to the business of domain registration.
The agreement was signed by Zvonimir Stanić, director of CARNet and Danko Jevtović, Director of RNIDS in the name of national registers of Croatia and Serbia. Both are members of the ccNSO registry within ICANN and the Association of European national Internet registries CENTR.
RNIDS manages the Central Registry of national .rs domains since 2007, the Central Registry of .СРБ domains since 2011, while CARNet manages .hr domains since 1993.
This is the first cooperation agreement signed by CARNet, and the third agreement RNIDS-a, hat similar agreements has already signed with Montenegrin doMEn .me registry and Macedonian MARnet.
CARNet representatives participated in the first Croatian Forum on Internet Governance CRO-IGF which was held on May 6 2015 in Zagreb at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing. The organizers of the event were HAKOM (Croatian regulatory authority for network industries) and Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing.
The first forum topic focused on the management of the Internet domain, and the introductory presentation preceding discussion of domains held Natasa Glavor, Assistant Director of CARNet. Together with the President of the Commission for the management of the domain .hr, prof. PhD Gordan Gledec responded to questions about the amendments to the Ordinance on the Organisation and Management of top level domain as well as on general issues related to the management of domains in the world.
On second forum topic which was Internet Governance, introductory presentations were held by Mislav Hebel from HAKOM and Andrea Beccalli from ICANN. After the presentation, there was a panel discussion on the question of the need of an open forum on Internet governance, enhanced participation of different groups of society, especially representatives of civil society and the new opportunities and ideas as a result of such events. Panelists were Kreso Antonović , Chief of postal and electronic communications sector in the Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure, Ph. D. Marko Jurić, with the Faculty of Law, Hrvoje Hadžić, the company Ericsson Nikola Tesla and Zdravko Jukić, member of the Council of HAKOM.